Quantcast
Published On: Fri, Mar 22nd, 2013

Norovirus tops rotavirus as leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in American children

The “stomach flu”,  norovirus was responsible for nearly 1 million pediatric medical care visits for 2009 and 2010 in the United States, making it the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in US children, according to a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine March 21.

Norovirus Image/CDC

Norovirus Image/CDC

“Infants and young children are very susceptible to norovirus infections, which often result in a high risk of getting dehydrated from the sudden onset of intense vomiting and severe diarrhea,” said Dr. Daniel Payne, an epidemiologist in the Division of Viral Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Our study estimates that 1 in 278 U.S. children will be hospitalized for norovirus illness by the time they turn 5 years of age. It is also estimated that about 1 in 14 children will visit an emergency room and 1 in 6 will receive outpatient care for norovirus infections.”

The researchers, who were funded by the CDC,  tracked infants and young children requiring medical care for acute gastroenteritis, which causes inflammation of the stomach and intestines, from October 2008 through September 2010. The study looked at more than 141,000 children less than 5 years of age living in three U.S. counties. Lab testing was done to confirm specimens for norovirus.

Norovirus was detected in 21 percent (278) of the 1,295 cases of acute gastroenteritis, while rotavirus was identified in only 12 percent (152) of the cases. About 50 percent of the medical care visits due to norovirus infections were among children aged 6 to 18 months. Infants and 1-year-old children were more likely to be hospitalized than older children.

However, overall rates of norovirus in emergency rooms and outpatient offices were 20 to 40 times higher than hospitalization rates. Nationally, the researchers estimated that in 2009 and 2010, there were 14,000 hospitalizations, 281,000 emergency room visits, and 627,000 outpatient visits due to norovirus illness in children less than 5 years of age. This amounted to an estimated $273 million in treatment costs each year.

Researchers conclude since the introduction of rotavirus vaccines, norovirus has become the leading cause of medically attended acute gastroenteritis in U.S. children and is associated with nearly 1 million health care visits annually.

New norovirus strain, Sydney 2012, number one cause of recent outbreaks in U.S.

“Our study confirmed that medical visits for rotavirus illness have decreased,” said Dr. Payne. “Also, our study reinforces the success of the U.S. rotavirus vaccination program and also emphasize the value of specific interventions to protect against norovirus illness.”

Norovirus vaccines are currently being developed, which may be especially important for young children and elderly people who are high risk.

For more infectious disease news and information, visit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page

Looking for a job in health care? Check here to see what’s available

Giardia in Black and White: T-shirts, coffee mugs and other merchandise with a clean, computerized image of a Giardia intestinalis trophozoite

On the DISPATCH: Headlines  Local  Opinion

Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter

* indicates required
/ ( mm / dd ) [ALL INFO CONFIDENTIAL]

About the Author

- Writer, Co-Founder and Executive Editor of The Global Dispatch. Robert has been covering news in the areas of health, world news and politics for a variety of online news sources. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the website, Outbreak News Today and hosts the podcast, Outbreak News Interviews on iTunes, Stitcher and Spotify Robert is politically Independent and a born again Christian Follow @bactiman63

Tags

Leave a comment

XHTML: You can use these html tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

Sign up for our Weekly Newsletter



Recent Posts

7 Tips for Summer Skin

May 19, 2022, Comments Off on 7 Tips for Summer Skin

Choosing the Ideal Fencing Contractor for Your Project: What Should You Look For?

May 19, 2022, Comments Off on Choosing the Ideal Fencing Contractor for Your Project: What Should You Look For?

Things to not forget about when writing an essay

May 18, 2022, Comments Off on Things to not forget about when writing an essay

How to Find the Best Pharmacy in Bronx New York

May 13, 2022, Comments Off on How to Find the Best Pharmacy in Bronx New York

What Rights do Borrowers Have?

May 6, 2022, Comments Off on What Rights do Borrowers Have?

Why do you need a Driving Licence in India?

May 6, 2022, Comments Off on Why do you need a Driving Licence in India?

How Vingo App Uses VR & ANT+ Sensors to Solve an Important Problem

May 5, 2022, Comments Off on How Vingo App Uses VR & ANT+ Sensors to Solve an Important Problem

Show Off Your Top Taste by Choosing a Non-Diamond Engagement Ring

May 5, 2022, Comments Off on Show Off Your Top Taste by Choosing a Non-Diamond Engagement Ring

Categories

Archives

At the Movies

Pin It