SUNY Geneseo mumps cases up to 17, all fully vaccinated
The number of confirmed mumps cases reported at the State University of New York at Geneseo, or SUNY Geneseo has climbed to 17, according to school officials Friday. This includes 11 off-campus and six on-campus cases.
In accordance with New York State laws, all new and incoming students are required to show proof of mumps immunization or provide a signed medical or religious exemption form.
All confirmed cases of the mumps at SUNY Geneseo affected students who had received the recommended two measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine doses. As seen in recent mumps outbreaks, a second vaccine dose does not guarantee immunity, as strength of the vaccine may wane over time. Also variant strains of the virus could be a factor.
The few students who have never been immunized are required to leave the campus for a minimum of 26 days for their own protection as they are most at risk for contracting mumps. That date is now Jan. 10, 2017.
If a new case of mumps is confirmed, the 26-day period restarts for everyone who has not been immunized.
Mumps is spread by droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes or talks. Items used by an infected person, such as cups or soft drink cans, can also be contaminated with the virus, which may spread to others if those items are shared.
Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12-25 days after infection. It is usually a mild disease, but can occasionally cause serious complications.
The most common complication is inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) in males who have reached puberty; rarely does this lead to fertility problems.
Other rare complications include inflammation of the brain and/or tissue covering the brain and spinal cord(encephalitis/meningitis), inflammation of the ovaries (oophoritis) and/or breasts (mastitis) in females who have reached puberty and deafness. Anyone who is not immune from either previous mumps infection or from vaccination can get mumps.