Haiti cholera outbreak going on 2 years, over 500,000 cases reported to date
The cholera outbreak which began in October 2010, is still ongoing on the Caribbean island of Haiti, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) still advises travelers to the country to take preventive measures against the gastrointestinal disease.
According to the Ministere de la Sante Publique et de la Population (MSPP), as of July 22, 2012, 581,952 cases and 7,455 deaths have been reported since the cholera epidemic began in Haiti. Cases have been officially reported in all 10 departments of Haiti. Since spring, cases have increased significantly in the Centre and Nord departments and in Port-au-Prince, the country’s capital In Port-au-Prince, 158,575 cases have been reported since the beginning of the outbreak. Cases in Port-au-Prince have been reported from the following neighborhoods: Carrefour, Cite Soleil, Delmas, Kenscoff, Petion Ville, and Tabarre.
- Cholera causes watery diarrhea which may be severe.
- Severe diarrhea causes massive loss of fluids from the body (dehydration) and shock.
- Cholera patients often have vomiting.
- Without treatment, a person can die within hours.