Darfur yellow fever outbreak update: 849 cases and 171 deaths
The Greater Darfur yellow fever outbreak that began during the last quarter of 2012 has expanded to affect 35 localities in Central, South, West, North, and East Darfur, according to a “Situation Report” jointly released by the Sudanese federal ministry of health and by the World Health Organization (WHO) Jan. 10.
The latest counts on suspected cases and fatalities according to the report are as follows: As of 6 January 2013, the total number of suspected cases has reached 849, including 171 deaths (case fatality rate of 20.1%).
Phase II of the mass yellow fever vaccination campaign covered around 1.1 million population or 93% of the targeted population in South, West and Central Darfur, says health officials.
As part of the emergency response plan, WHO recommended the third phase of vaccination campaign for approximately 2 million people residing in Kabkabiya, Edd Elfursan (including Kabum Locality), Elwihda, Shaeriya (including Yassin Locality), Eldaen, Rokiro and Um Dukhun.
The first vaccine shipment of 670,400 doses is scheduled to arrive Sudan on 14 January, while second shipment of 702,000 doses and third shipment of 827,600 doses will be delivered shortly afterwards.
The most frequent symptoms presented by patients seen in health facilities are fever, which is present in 95.5 % of the cases, bleeding in 45.8%, and jaundice in 46.3%.
The analysis of more than 1,700 blood samples will be performed by virologists from Institute Pasteur in Dakar to assess the epidemic risks in other areas of Sudan.
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