Quantcast
Published On: Tue, Dec 10th, 2013

Chikungunya makes first appearance in the Caribbean, St. Martins confirms two cases

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that as of November 2013, geographic range of chikungunya virus is been seen in 49 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia.

Image/CIA

Image/CIA

However, for what appears to be the first time, the mosquito borne viral disease has been confirmed in the Western Hemisphere, the island of St. Martin in the Caribbean to be specific.

According to a report in The Daily Herald, two cases of Chikungunya have been confirmed in St. Martin following testing at the specialist laboratory in Marseille that returned positive results to Agence Régional de Santé (ARS) on December 5.

The two confirmed cases originated in French Quarter. In addition, there are currently four “probable” cases and 30 “suspected” cases, 15 of which are in the Oyster Pond area, the report notes.

“Chikungunya is in the Pacific islands, in Asia, in India, but never until now in the Caribbean islands,” noted epidemiologist Marion Petit-Sinturel. “It’s the first time we have had a located transmission here in St. Martin.”

The experts at the website, ProMed Mail note:

“The occurrence of a chikungunya epidemic in the Caribbean area is of concern, but perhaps not surprising. The tropical Americas, including Caribbean Islands, harbor abundant populations of the chikungunya virus mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti.

mosquito

Photo/CDC-James Gathany

“This virus has been introduced in various areas of the world by viremic travelers into localities where the vector is present, with initiation of ongoing transmission. It seems that it has just been a matter of time until an outbreak occurs in the Americas.”

St. Martin is already battling a dengue fever epidemic. The Daily Herald reports on the French side, since the start of the epidemic (week 2013-2 to 2013-44), there have been 3,000 suspected cases, 1,074 probable or confirmed cases, 38 hospitalized cases and one death. The predominant serotype is DENV-4.

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) Fact Sheet, Chikungunya is a viral disease that is spread by mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain.Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.

The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common.

There is no cure for the disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.

The proximity of mosquito breeding sites to human habitation is a significant risk factor for chikungunya.

The disease occurs in Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. In recent decades mosquito vectors of chikungunya have spread to Europe and the Americas. In 2007, disease transmission was reported for the first time in Europe, in a localized outbreak in north-eastern Italy.

The CDC notes there is currently no vaccine or medicine to prevent chikungunya. People can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites.

 

For more infectious disease news and information, visit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page

Looking for a job in health care? Check here to see what’s available

Chikungunya map Image/CDC

Chikungunya map
Image/CDC

About the Author

- Writer, Co-Founder and Executive Editor of The Global Dispatch. Robert has been covering news in the areas of health, world news and politics for a variety of online news sources. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the website, Outbreak News Today and hosts the podcast, Outbreak News Interviews on iTunes, Stitcher and Spotify Robert is politically Independent and a born again Christian Follow @bactiman63

Displaying 33 Comments
Have Your Say
  1. Chikungunya and dengue in Delhi | All About Zika Virus says:

    […] Since its discovery in Africa, in 1952, chikungunya virus outbreaks have occurred occasionally, but recent outbreaks have spread the disease to other parts of the world. It was first reported as a locally transmitted infection in the Western hemisphere in Dec. 2013. […]

  2. Chikungunya and dengue in Delhi | All About Zika Virus says:

    […] Since its discovery &#a hundred and five;&#one hundred ten; Africa, &#a hundred and five;&#one hundred ten; 1952, chikungunya virus outbreaks hav&#a hundred and one; occurred sometimes, but current outbreaks hav&#one hundred and one; unfold th&#one hundred and one; illness to oth&#a hundred and one;r elements of th&#one hundred and one; world. It wa&#one hundred fifteen; f&#a hundred and five;r&#one hundred fifteen;t reported a&#one hundred fifteen; a regionally transmitted an infection in the Western hemisphere in Dec. 2013. […]

  3. Chikungunya and dengue in Delhi | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] Since its discovery in Africa, in 1952, chikungunya virus outbreaks have occurred occasionally, but recent outbreaks have spread the disease to other parts of the world. It was first reported as a locally transmitted infection in the Western hemisphere in Dec. 2013. […]

  4. Chikungunya outbreak grows by another 300 cases, first cases reported in South America - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] The outbreak in the Caribbean began when two cases of autochthonous chikungunya were confirmed on 5 December 2013 in the French part of the island of Saint Martin. […]

  5. Ecuador, St. Martin and Guyana report local transmission of Zika virus | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] months ago, the Caribbean island of St. Martin reported the first local transmission of another mosquito borne virus, chikungunya, in the New World. The French side of the island has now reported the first autochthonous case of […]

  6. Kansas: Lyon County reports 1st chikungunya case, travelers advised | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] virus have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It was first established in the western hemisphere on St. Maarten, an island in the Caribbean, in De… Cases in the United States among travelers returning from these regions have been identified in […]

  7. Chikungunya outbreak in the Caribbean grows to 71 confirmed cases - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] reports of the emergence of the chikungunya virus in the Western Hemisphere earlier this month when two locally acquired cases were confirmed on the French Caribbean island of Saint Martin, the beginning of the epidemic was declared on that day and has grown significantly […]

  8. Colombia accounts for 70 percent of chikungunya cases in 2015 | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] acquired chikungunya (CHIKV) were first detected in the Western hemisphere in December 2013 on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin  and since then, 1,428,549 suspected and confirmed autochthonous CHIKV cases have been […]

  9. United Kingdom: Huge increase in chikungunya due to Caribbean and South America travel | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] In December 2013, the first autochthonous chikungunya cases were reported in the Western hemisphere on the island of St. Martin. Since then, the number of local transmission of the mosquito borne virus has exploded to over 1.3 million cases throughout the Caribbean, Central and South America and even Florida in the US. […]

  10. Mexico chikungunya cases top 400, dozens reported in Acapulco | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] To date, more than 1.3 million locally acquired chikungunya cases have been reported in the Americas since the first cases were reported on St Martin in Dec. 2013. […]

  11. Chikungunya in the Americas: 1.3 million cases and counting | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] results to Agence Régional de Santé (ARS) on December 5, 2013.” This was from a report on The Global Dispatch when the epidemic of local transmission of chikungunya started in the Western […]

  12. US reports 55 imported chikungunya in 2015 to date | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] total suspected and confirmed chikungunya cases reported in the Western hemisphere since the 1st autochthonous cases were reported in St Martin in Dec. 2013 now stands at […]

  13. Ecuador city declares chikungunya ‘state of emergency’ | World Wide Outbreak says:

    […] total suspected and confirmed chikungunya cases reported in the Western hemisphere since the 1st autochthonous cases were reported in St Martin in Dec. 2013 now stands at […]

  14. Ecuador city declares chikungunya ‘state of emergency’ | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] total suspected and confirmed chikungunya cases reported in the Western hemisphere since the 1st autochthonous cases were reported in St Martin in Dec. 2013 now stands at […]

  15. Chikungunya update for the Americas and the Pacific Islands | World Wide Outbreak says:

    […] new tally at 1,247,000 since the first autochthonous cases were reported on the Caribbean island of St. Martin in December 2013. 183 fatalities have been […]

  16. Chikungunya update for the Americas and the Pacific Islands | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] new tally at 1,247,000 since the first autochthonous cases were reported on the Caribbean island of St. Martin in December 2013. 183 fatalities have been […]

  17. Florida reports 10 imported chikungunya cases in 2014 - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] virus, which made it’s presence known in the Western hemisphere with the first autochthonous cases in early December on the French side of St. Martin in the Caribbean, has been […]

  18. The Top 10 Infectious Disease and Outbreak News stories of 2013 - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] mosquito borne viral disease not previously “locally transmitted” in the Americas, was reported on the Caribbean island of St. Martin. Since the first cases, the outbreak has grown to more than two dozen, including cases in […]

  19. Chikungunya and dengue in the Americas: Preliminary end of year numbers | World Wide Outbreak says:

    […] December 2013, all that changed when the first autochthonous, or locally acquired chikungunya cases were reported on the Caribbean island of St. Martin. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in a particular area have been infected with chikungunya […]

  20. Chikungunya in the Americas tops 1 million cases one year after being introduced | Repeating Islands says:

    […] one year after the mosquito borne virus, chikungunya, made its first appearance in the Western hemisphere as a locally acquired infection in the French Qu…, the epidemic that has spread throughout the Americas has topped the 1 million case mark, according […]

  21. Brazil reports 2nd chikungunya strain, African genotype | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] the first cases of local transmission of chikungunya virus in the Western hemisphere last December on St. Martin, the epidemic has spread, particularly throughout the Caribbean and more recently in Central and […]

  22. Chikungunya tops 500,000 cases in Latin Caribbean | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] eight months after the first autochthonous, or locally acquired chikungunya cases were reported for the first time in the Western Hemisphere on the island of St. Martin, the total number of imported cases has eclipsed a half million cases, according to new data […]

  23. Florida reports 10 imported chikungunya cases in 2014 | Outbreak News Today says:

    […] virus, which made it’s presence known in the Western hemisphere with the first autochthonous cases in early December on the French side of St. Martin in the Caribbean, has […]

  24. Florida reports three imported Chikungunya cases - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] made it presence known in the Caribbean in early December with the first two “locally acquired” cases in St. Martin. It has exploded throughout […]

  25. Florida: Dengue fever is ever present in the Sunshine State, Is chikungunya next? - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] In early December, the first “locally acquired” infections of chikungunya were confirmed and reported on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin. […]

  26. Canada health officials issue travel warning over chikungunya outbreak in the Caribbean - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] mosquito borne viral disease made it’s first appearance in the western hemisphere as a locally acquired infection in Decemb…on the island of Saint Martin […]

  27. Will CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER spread to the U.S.? ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: CHIKUNGUNYA spreads throughout eastern CARIBBEAN ~ MISSISSIPPI reports first WEST NILE VIRUS case of 2014 ~ MEXICAN GRAY WOLD population highest since reintroduction 16 years ago ~ RABIES repor says:

    […] Since the chikungunya virus first made it’s appearance in the Western Hemisphere in early December on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin, the outbreak has continued to grow and spread throughout many parts of the region showing little […]

  28. Chikungunya outbreak continues to grow as Caribbean case count nears 1,500 - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] the chikungunya virus first made it’s appearance in the Western Hemisphere in early December on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin, the outbreak has continued to grow and spread throughout many parts of the region showing little […]

  29. Canada issues travel advisory for the Caribbean due to chikungunya | Travel Deals says:

    […] introduction of the first locally acquired chikungunya fever infections began with two cases in Saint Martin in the French Caribbean in early […]

  30. Canada issues travel advisory for the Caribbean due to chikungunya – Examiner.comclothing canada | clothing canada says:

    […] introduction of the first locally acquired chikungunya fever infections began with two cases in Saint Martin in the French Caribbean in early […]

  31. Caribbean Chikungunya Outbreak Tops 100 Cases | Repeating Islands says:

    […] acquired chikungunya fever were detected in the Americas (the French side of Saint Martin) in early December 2013, the case count has blossomed to 111 confirmed cases, according to a European Centre for […]

  32. Caribbean Chikungunya outbreak tops 100 cases - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] acquired chikungunya fever were detected in the Americas (the French side of Saint Martin) in early December 2013, the case count has blossomed to 111 confirmed cases, according to a European Centre for Disease […]

  33. Chikungunya in the Western Hemisphere: An interview with a CDC expert - The Global Dispatch says:

    […] the recent report of local transmission of Chikungunya virus on the island of St. Martin in the Caribbean, the first such cases in the Western Hemisphere, I sought out an expert on the […]

Leave a comment

XHTML: You can use these html tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>



Recent Posts

Categories

Archives

At the Movies